Semana del Libro

jueves, 6 de septiembre de 2007

Fundación Del Distrito de La Chorrera


LA CHORRERA

Como ocurre casi siempre con el origen del nombre de muchos lugares, no ha podido determinarse de manera exacta el origen del nombre de La Chorrera, pero se supone que el mismo se debe a la cantidad de chorros (caídas de agua) que existen en la geografía de nuestro distrito.

Los primeros conocimientos que se tienen datan de 1510 y nos hablan del Río Caimito, como un centro de población considerable para el proceso de conquista y colonización española.

Del año de 1515 se destaca en la lectura de la relación que hace Gaspar de Espinoza, luego de la invasión de que fueron objeto los pueblos indígenas, que el Caimito era sólo llanos y colinas que bordeaban entre el mar y las montañas del Istmo de Panamá, según éste no existía ni tribu, ni cacique importante en la región.

En 1549 se dictan tres Cédulas Reales escritas entre los primeros días del mes de julio de 1549, dirigidas al gobernador de Panamá Sancho Clavijo. Dos sobre la libertad de los indios, las que fueron cumplidas en 1551. Las Cédulas a las que hacemos referencia establecen la ubicación de los indios según su origen. Los lugares destinados fueron: La isla de Otoque para los venezolanos, el sitio entre Cerro Cabra y Río Caimito para los de Nicaragua y la Isla de Taboga para el resto de los indios.

Por la misma época en las sabanas del Río Caimito y en el sitio donde actualmente está el centro de La Chorrera, existía una hacienda llamada “El Caimito” propiedad de Juana María Bautista de La Coba, con más de tres mil hectáreas, con título de propiedad expedido por la corona española. Con motivo de los trabajos de ganadería y agricultura del área se establecieron, con permiso de la propietaria, una cantidad de personas, los que construyeron sus chozas y así se fundó el pueblo de La Chorrera.

Con el transcurrir del tiempo, doña Juana decidió regresar a España y dispuso vender “simbólicamente” a sus vecinos por la suma de 200 pesos o sencillos, como se les conocía, siendo notario de dicha transacción Joaquín Cabrero, aproximadamente entre los años de 1676 a 1770.

Para el año de 1691, el entonces obispo de Panamá, Diego Ladrón de Guevara, hace mención a La Chorrera en una carta del 2 de marzo que escribió con motivo de una visita que realizó a diferentes pueblos del área.

En 1766 se tomó la decisión de nombrar a Antonio Ciriaco de Figueroa, escribano para los pueblos circunvecinos, incluyendo al nuestro. Es en ese entonces cuando La Chorrera logra adquirir connotaciones de comunidad y destacarse, ya que es mencionada con nombre propio por su parroquia y párroco.

Pese a lo expuesto, no es sinó hasta el 12 de septiembre de 1855, siendo presidente el Doctor Justo Arosemena, cuando la Asamblea constituyente de época aprobó la ley sobre División Territorial, cuando La Chorrera surge efectivamente como distrito. Su primer alcalde fue Leopoldo Castillo.

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pero quien fundo el distrito de la chorrera

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